What are potenital Cuttings?
Above all, it is important to look closely at the plant. Cutting off a leaf at the risk of luck does not mean that you have a new offshoot, but mostly rather, just a non-blooming cut flower that will soon die. So what I care about. The plant should be healthy and well grown.
It makes no sense to cut the first cutting straight away. Better give the plant some time to develop. When it is big enough, take the area between two leaf nodes. There is corresponding cell material which forms new roots.
No. Not the dirty kitchen scissors or whatever tool. Imagine that you are a doctor and want to perform an operation. That happens sterile … well. Let’s say low germs. Plants are like your body and don’t like germs either. What is a purulent inflammation with you is the classic rottenness in the plant …
So hygiene and cleanliness also count when gardening. Washing your hands regularly is important anyway. Only takes very sharp cutting tools. E.g. sharp kitchen knife, scalpel or better, of course, sharp rose scissors (squeeze anvil scissors). We use these Felco 5 rose shears.
Disinfection is recommended against inflammation and rottenness. There are many options, from simple rinsing, classic disinfectants, to alcohol and flaming. But please be very careful! There is no need for cuts when wiping the blades!
The heading already says. Cut. Do not saw, poke or squeeze. (therefore rose shears and no anvil shears) Simply cut with an appropriate distance to the new roots. So that you still have “air” in case it should be rotten despite the hygiene.
If you want to cut several cuttings, it is advisable to disinfect the tool after each cut and wash your hands so as not to spread any germs.
Now it’s bleeding. But just like on the finger, it stops on its own. Some plants (e.g. Red Emerald, Pink Princess, etc.) secrete colored liquid. So pay attention to where you put the cut material!
Now it’s time to wait. We usually leave the sticks for up to 12 hours. Because a too short or no drying of the interface is the most made mistake! The finger again. You cut it in and put it in water … You’re leaking. It’s the same with a cutting. So wait for the crust and then you and the cutting can go swimming again. It is important that the potentially new roots have contact with water.
We see sealing with wax or other means as questionable. You never know what you are sealing. (Germs don’t care and prefer the secluded quiet)
In the first few days you will quickly see whether the measure worked. The leaves should look normally tight. If the plant lets the leaves hang, something is wrong. In that case, take a look at the interface. Is it soft? Does it smell strong? Well Then you have to start all over again. That can happen again and again, but we took our breath away.
Most of the time, however, you should already be able to recognize small roots. That’s great. Wait until the roots branch out with new roots, then your cutting should move into the future substrate. We let the 1-2 week mini-roots continue to root in loose, moist moss. When the roots have grown out of the cup or pot, the plant is ready to move out to get a new home with you where you can choose the future substrate.